Education in Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan guarantees its residents a free secondary education. In the 90s of the twentieth century, only 9 classes of school were compulsory. The current system of education, regulated by the law on education and the National Program for Personnel Training, provides for a subsequent three-year education – vocational in colleges or academic in lyceums.
Preschool education has certain tasks:
to bring up a healthy and developed younger generation;awaken in kids a craving for knowledge;to reveal the abilities of each child;prepare preschoolers for a systematic pedagogical process.
In Uzbekistan, the preschool education system implements programs of all kinds, providing care, careful supervision, upbringing and active rehabilitation of children from 2 to 7 years old.
Types of preschool education institutions by focus:
Nursery, nursery-kindergarten, kindergarten and home kindergarten as a self-sufficient institution or branch.Preschool education institution with primary education functions – kindergarten-school.A narrow-profile educational preschool organization with a certain priority: language, sports, artistic and aesthetic development, and more.A kindergarten that works according to compensatory methods aimed at providing qualified corrective assistance to pupils with minor deviations in psychological or physical development.An institution for the restoration of the body of weakened children with supervision, including the implementation of preventive, hygienic and health-improving procedures.Combined kindergarten – recruits groups of general developmental, compensatory and health-improving profile in various combinations.
The school system of Uzbekistan includes educational institutions of general education that provide free services for children 6-16 years old. School education in the country is divided into two stages:
primary – from 1 to 4 grades;general secondary – from 1 to 9 grades.
Initial education is designed to form the foundations of literacy, skills and knowledge required for further study. At the next stage, young people receive a greater amount of information, develop independent thinking, organizational skills, and gain practical experience that contributes to their initial vocational guidance.
There are two types of free secondary education in Uzbekistan – special and professional. The first is taught in academic lyceums, the second in colleges. After the end of the 9th grade, boys and girls voluntarily choose the type of institution: each of them provides education, which is the basis for future work or continuing education in higher education.
As in other countries, higher education in Uzbekistan involves the training of qualified specialists for various spheres of public life hero tiitles s for essay and sectors of the economy – scientific, economic, technical and others. The educational process systematizes the knowledge and skills acquired, orienting students towards solving theoretical and practical problems in the vector of the chosen specialization with the creative use of the achievements of modern scientific thought and technology.
The university system includes:
Higher educational institutions that implement academic and professional programs according to state standards, regardless of departmental subordination and form of ownership.Scientific and pedagogical institutions carrying out research work necessary for the development of universities.Public administration bodies of education, enterprises and institutions subordinate to them.
There are two stages of certification in the education system of Uzbekistan:
Bachelor’s degree – basic higher education, which provides basic skills and sufficient knowledge in different areas. The duration of training is at least 4 years. At the end of the program, the state commission awards the graduates with the qualification “bachelor” according to the profile of training and issues a diploma of the established sample.Master’s degree is a higher education, involving the development of applied and fundamental theoretical knowledge in the chosen specialty. The term of study is at least 2 years. Competitive bachelors have access to master’s degree studies. Upon graduation, graduates receive a diploma and a master’s degree in a specific specialty.
Diplomas of both degrees give their holders the opportunity to engage in professional activities or continue their studies in other educational institutions.
There are three types of higher education organizations in Uzbekistan:
University – offers programs of higher education or postgraduate training in the widest range of specialties;Academy – is engaged in the implementation of pedagogical programs of higher and postinstitutional education in certain scientific fields and areas;institute – works in the field of implementation of curricula of higher education and postgraduate training in certain areas and levels within the boundaries of a particular branch of knowledge.